The study of wood as a renewable material and organic material is what is known as wood science. In other words, the term wood science can also be known as wood technology. Other products are put alongside wood for easy testing and study. Materials properties, ease of it being worked on and its value are among the few properties which are compared against those of wood and other materials. Wood has many advantages and this technology takes the advantages and utilizes them. The wide range of products where wood can be used is just one of the many advantages that give wood an upper hand over other products. Once a tree has been cut down another can be planted in the same spot. The other merit is that a part of the harvested material is at the same time used as energy to produce the product.
Protection of wooden structure and products is a must if you want to keep the good looks in place. Wooden structures have to be kept away from water and pests that eat through the wood. The water particles in the timber increase the rotting and the insects bore through the wood. Alkaline copper Quaternary or the ACQ has turned out to be a very effective way wood preservation. This is a copper-based preservative that is applied to the wood for protection. Although being a good method to use for wood protection it has presents some few challenges. The chemical is highly corrosive to most metals, the chemical corrodes away galvanized fasteners and therefore only stainless steel is used. The saturation level of any treatment will depend on where the wood is going to be used and the species of the wood. The concentration level of the chemical will be different for two pieces of wood where one is used above ground and the other close to a water body.
Another wood treating method that is fast being accepted is the use of copper metal. The use of this method is fast being accepted because it is not corroding the metal fasteners. Micronized copper wood preservative is the correct term to refer this type of preservation. In this process microscopic particles of solid copper metal are mixed in a liquid carrier and injected to the wood at high pressure. The difference between this method and the other copper-based methods is that the copper is used as a metal rather than a dissolved material. The characteristics of the wood are highly improved and the when this process is used to treat wood. The time the wood products treated using this method last is longer other types of treatment.
Termites cannot eat through timber treated through this method. It has also shown to be an improvement in corrosion resistant properties to metal fasteners. Extensive research over a period of 10 years has proven the effectiveness of this science as one of the best wood preservation methods.